1 – Requirements
Before you start, make sure your balcony or terrace has sufficient sun exposure. Next, find out how much weight the structure can hold. A planter filled with wet soil can quickly become heavy. Finally, do not forget to check your building’s rules regarding balconies and what you can store there without compromising safety or aesthetics.
2 – Installation
In general, it is recommended that you set up your vegetable garden in early spring. You can already buy all the materials you will need, as well as potting soil and clay balls, which will be very useful. When buying your pots, make sure they have holes in the bottom, otherwise if you water them too much or if it rains, the stagnant water will rot the roots of your plants.
3 – Choosing your plants
Carefully choose the fruit and vegetables you want to grow, depending on the layout, the space you have and the amount of sunlight. If you are a beginner, you can opt for herbs, salads, cherry tomatoes, strawberries or raspberries. These are low-maintenance and ideal for small spaces.
4 – Planting and maintenance
After the last frosts, and when temperatures are milder, you can start sowing the seeds of your choice. You can also opt for seedlings, but make sure you keep a certain distance between them. If they are too close together, they will not grow properly. You should water in the morning or at the end of the day when the substrate is dry on the surface. Be careful not to over-water the leaves, to avoid diseases and parasites.
5 – After the harvest?
The harvest period for the above-mentioned plants is generally from July to October. However, if you want to enjoy the benefits of your vegetable garden for longer, you can grow winter vegetables or other plants with a longer harvesting period.
You can therefore plant cabbages, carrots, spinach and leeks from the end of summer.
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